Prior to the decolonization

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Prior to the decolonization

Post  kosovohp on Tue Nov 09, 2010 11:22 pm

Prior to the decolonization movements of the post-World War II era, Europeans were represented in every part of Africa.[78] Decolonisation during the 1960s and 1970s often resulted in the mass emigration of European-descended settlers out of Africa – especially from Algeria and Morocco (1.6 million pieds-noirs in North Africa),[79] Kenya, Congo,[80] Rhodesia, Mozambique and Angola.[81] By the end of 1977, more than one million Portuguese were thought to have returned from Africa.[82] Nevertheless, White Africans remain an important minority in many African states, particularly South Africa, Zimbabwe, Namibia and Réunion.[83] The African country with the largest White African population is South Africa.[84] The Afrikaners, the Anglo-Africans (of British origin) and the Coloureds are the largest European-descended groups in Africa today.
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European colonization also brought sizable groups of Asians, particularly people from the Indian subcontinent, to British colonies. Large Indian communities are found in South Africa, and smaller ones are present in Kenya, Tanzania, and some other southern and East African countries. The large Indian community in Uganda was expelled by the dictator Idi Amin in 1972, though many have since returned. The islands in the Indian Ocean are also populated primarily by people of Asian origin, often mixed with Africans and Europeans. The Malagasy people of Madagascar are an Austronesian people, but those along the coast are generally mixed with Bantu, Arab, Indian and European origins. Malay and Indian ancestries are also important components in the group of people known in South Africa as Cape Coloureds (people with origins in two or more races and continents). During the 20th century, small but economically important communities of Lebanese and Chinese[71] have also developed in the larger coastal cities of West and East Africa, respectively

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